Axes de recherche
International Economics, Trade, Conflict Economics, Military Alliances, Military Interventions, state institutions, Economic Geography, Development Economy, Applied Microeconometrics, Afghanistan.
Université Paris Dauphine
Sous la direction d’Emmanuelle Lavallée et Gianluca Orefice
Date d’inscription : septembre 2020
This thesis aims to study the economic repercussions of the military cooperation between states. Cooperation can be defined as a policy of entente and exchanges between two states. But the military one has the specificity of relying on a set of related strategic decisions whose purpose is to increase state security. States interact permanently to maintain the control of their territory and their wealth or to expand. Yet, to ensure their longevity, they can cooperate instead of opposing each other, which implies the development of institutional links and of joint military actions. The military cooperation may be exercised at its highest level through two main tools : alliances or military interventions. Since 1945, and concomitantly to the international trade increase, the military cooperation between states is expanding. The number of bilateral alliances has strongly increased to exceed in 2000 the 1500 pairs of countries having concluded a formal alliance, and after 2000, participations to cooperative military interventions have been multiplied. This thesis will be organised in three chapters. The first one deals with the effect of the formal and informal alliances on bilateral exports. Moreover, by using data on Afghanistan, we are able to work on the economic consequences of one of the most important contemporary military engagements. Thus, in a second chapter we analyse the cooperative military interventions consequences on the economic activities of the targeted regions. And finally, our third chapter, focusing on afghan firms, is about the heterogeneity of this joint military interventions’ micro-economic impact.